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The term is applied descriptively to groups of primates, such as families of and.
Many monkey species are tree-dwellingalthough there are species that live primarily on the ground, such as.
Most species are also active during the day.
Monkeys are generallyespecially the monkeys of.
New World monkeys and monkeys emerged within the simians some 35 million years ago.
Old World monkeys and emerged within the catarrhine monkeys some 25 million years ago.
Like monkeys, are haplorhine primates; however, they are also not monkeys.
There has been some resistance to directly designate apes and thus humans as monkeys despite the scientific evidence, so "Old World monkey" may be taken to mean the Cercopithecoidea or the Catarrhini.
That apes are monkeys was already realized by in the 18th century.
Monkeys, including apes, can be distinguished from other primates by having only two pectoral nipples, a pendulous penis, and a lack of sensory whiskers.
In this version of the fable, a character named Moneke is the son of Martin the Ape.
In English, no very clear distinction was originally made between "ape" and "monkey"; thus the 1910 entry for "ape" notes that it is either a synonym for "monkey" or is used to mean a tailless humanlike primate.
Colloquially, the terms "monkey" and "ape" are widely used interchangeably.
Also, a few monkey species have the word "ape" in their common name, such as the.
Later in the first half of the 20th century, the idea developed that there were trends in primate evolution and that the living members of the order could be arranged in a series, leading through "monkeys" and "apes" to humans.
Monkeys thus constituted a "" on the path to humans and were distinguished from "apes".
Scientific classifications are now more often based on groups, that is groups consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor.
The New World monkeys and the Old World monkeys are each monophyletic groups, but their combination was not, since it excluded hominoids apes and humans.
Thus the term "monkey" no longer referred to a recognized scientific.
The smallest accepted taxon which contains all the monkeys is the infraorderor simians.
However this also contains the hominoids apes and humansso that monkeys are, in terms of currently recognized taxa, non-hominoid simians.
Colloquially and pop-culturally, the term is ambiguous and sometimes monkey includes non-human hominoids.
In addition, frequent arguments are made for a monophyletic usage of the word "monkey" from the perspective that usage should reflect cladistics.
A group of monkeys may be commonly referred to as a tribe or a troop.
Two separate groups of primates are referred to as "monkeys": platyrrhines from South and Central America and Old World monkeys in the superfamily Cercopithecoidea from Africa and Asia.
Tailless monkeys may be called "apes", incorrectly according to modern usage; thus the tailless is sometimes called the "Barbary ape".
Description Monkeys range in size from thewhich can be as small as 117 millimetres 4.
Some are living in trees while others live on the ; diets differ among the various species but may contain any of the following: fruit, leaves, seeds, article source, flowers, eggs and small animals including insects and spiders.
Some characteristics are shared among the groups; most New World monkeys have while Old World monkeys have non-prehensile tails or no click the following article tail at all.
Old World monkeys have like that of humans, while New World monkeys may be trichromatic,or—as in the and —.
Although both the New and Old World monkeys, like the apes, have forward-facing eyes, the faces of Old World and New World monkeys look very different, though again, each group shares some features such as the types of noses, cheeks and rumps.
Classification The following list shows where the various monkey families bolded are placed in the classification of living extant primates.
Generally, extinct non-hominoid simians, including early Catarrhines are discussed as monkeys money and monkeys well as simians or anthropoids, which means that Hominoidea are monkeys as well, restoring monkeys as a single grouping.
It is indicated approximately how many million years ago Mya the clades diverged into newer clades.
It is thought the New World monkeys started as a drifted "Old World monkey" group from the old world probably Africa to the new world South America.
Some areothers used as in laboratories or in space missions.
They may be killed in when they threaten agriculture or used as for the disabled.
In some areas, some species of monkey are considered agriculturaland can cause extensive damage to commercial and subsistence crops.
This can have important implications for the conservation of endangered species, which may be subject to persecution.
In some instances farmers' perceptions of the damage may exceed the actual damage.
Monkeys that have become habituated to human presence in tourist locations may also be considered pests, attacking tourists.
In religion and popular culture, monkeys are a symbol of playfulness, mischief and fun.
As service animals for the disabled Some organizations train as to assist quadriplegics and other people with severe spinal cord injuries or mobility impairments.
After being socialized in a human home as infants, the monkeys undergo extensive training before being placed with a disabled person.
Around the house, the monkeys assist with feeding, fetching, manipulating objects, and personal care.
In experiments Main article: The most common monkey species found in animal research are thetheand thewhich are either wild-caught or purpose-bred.
They are used primarily because of their relative ease of handling, their fast reproductive cycle compared to apes and their psychological and physical similarity to.
Worldwide, it is thought that between 100,000 and 200,000 non-human primates are used in research each year, 64.
This number makes a very small fraction of all animals used in research.
Between 1994 and 2004 the United States has used an average of 54,000 non-human primates, while around 10,000 non-human primates were used in the in 2002.
In space Main article: A number of countries have used monkeys as part of their space exploration programmes, including the United States and France.
The first monkey in space waswho flew in the US-launched on June 14, 1949.
As food Main article: are eaten as a delicacy in parts ofAfrica and China.
Monkeys are sometimes eaten in parts of Africa, where they can be sold as "".
In traditionalthe eating of monkeys is.
Literature Illustration of Indian monkeys known as bandar from the illuminated manuscript Memoirs of Babur the "Monkey King"a character who figures prominently inis the protagonist in the classic comic Chinese novel.
Monkeys are prevalent in numerous books, television programs, and movies.
The and the literary characters and are all examples.
Informally, the term "monkey" is often used more broadly than in scientific use and may be used to refer to apes, particularly chimpanzees, gibbons, and gorillas.
Author alludes to this difference in usage in his novels, in which the of the is an who gets very violent if referred to as a monkey.
Another example is the use of.
The are prominent characters in.
Religion and worship A statue of Monkey is the symbol of fourth in .
Inthe monkey is an early incarnation of Buddha but may also represent trickery and ugliness.
The "" metaphor refers to the unsettled, restless state of human mind.
Monkey is also one of the Three Senseless Creatures, symbolizing greed, with the tiger representing anger and the deer lovesickness.
The Sanzaru, orare revered in Japanese folklore; together they embody the proverbial principle to "see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil".
The people of ancient Peru worshipped nature.
They placed emphasis on animals and often depicted monkeys in their art.
The people of Mexico worshipped monkeys as incarnations of their dead ancestors.
The next time that the monkey will appear as the zodiac sign will be in the year 2028.
Although atlantic city slots apple store was never a taxonomic name, and is instead a for a paraphyletic group, its members fall under the infraorder Simiiformes.
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A MONKEY STOLE HER MONEY!!!
Wild monkeys eat a varied diet that consists of roots, insects, fruits and herbs. Captive monkeys are typically fed a balanced diet of fruits and vegetables, as well as monkey chow, a dry food that is fortified with vitamins, minerals and protein.
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